English Words Related to Health and Medicine

Allergy: An immune system reaction to something that does not bother most other people.
She realized she had an allergy to shellfish after experiencing hives and itching.

Antibiotics: Drugs used to fight infections caused by bacteria.
The doctor prescribed antibiotics to treat his bacterial infection.

Antidepressant: Medication used to alleviate symptoms of depression.
After consulting her doctor, she started taking an antidepressant to help manage her depression.

Asthma: A condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell, producing extra mucus.
He carries an inhaler because his asthma can make it difficult to breathe.

Bacteria: Microorganisms that can cause disease.
Proper handwashing can reduce the spread of bacteria.

Biopsy: A medical test involving the removal of cells or tissues for examination.
The biopsy showed that the tumor was benign.

Cardiovascular: Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels.
Regular exercise is beneficial for maintaining cardiovascular health.

Chronic: Persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.
She suffers from chronic pain, which affects her daily activities.

Contagious: Able to be transmitted from one person or organism to another.
Chickenpox is highly contagious and can spread quickly in crowded conditions.

Diagnosis: The identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms.
Early diagnosis of the disease can lead to more effective treatment.

Dietitian: A health professional who has expertise in nutrition and diet planning.
The dietitian provided personalized meal plans to help with his weight loss.

Epidemic: A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
Health officials declared an epidemic after the rapid spread of the flu.

Fracture: The cracking or breaking of a bone.
She suffered a fracture in her wrist from the fall.

Genetics: The study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.
Genetics play a significant role in determining an individual’s health risks.

Hygiene: Conditions or practices conducive to maintaining health and preventing disease, especially through cleanliness.
Maintaining good personal hygiene is essential to avoid infections.

Immune System: The body’s defense system against infectious organisms and other invaders.
A healthy immune system can protect you from many illnesses.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally present within the body.
She is taking medication to fight off a viral infection.

Inflammation: A localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful, especially as a reaction to injury or infection.
The doctor said that the inflammation should go down with proper treatment.

Neurology: The branch of medicine or biology that deals with the anatomy, functions, and organic disorders of nerves and the nervous system.
He specializes in neurology, focusing particularly on multiple sclerosis.

Oncology: The study and treatment of tumors.
The oncology department at the hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology.

Pathogen: A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease.
Understanding how a pathogen spreads is crucial in managing outbreaks.

Prescription: A written order from a doctor for a specific medicine.
He took the prescription to the pharmacy to have it filled.

Psychology: The scientific study of the human mind and its functions, especially those affecting behavior in a given context.
She is studying psychology to better understand human behavior.

Vaccine: A substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases.
Vaccines have been successful in preventing the spread of many dangerous diseases.

Virus: A small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
The virus that causes COVID-19 has led to a global pandemic.

X-ray: A type of radiation called electromagnetic waves that can pass through the body to create images of the inside.
The X-ray showed that there was no fracture in his leg.

Understanding these terms not only enriches your vocabulary but also enhances your comprehension of health-related topics, which is crucial for maintaining personal and community health.

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